Patan Durbar Square: (World Heritage Site)
Patan is also called Lalitpur, the beautiful city or the center of fine arts and superb craftsmanship. It has more than 55 major temples and 200 courtyards. The most famous and artistic temple is the Krishna Mandir dedicated to Lord Krishna. Major events mentioned in the great Hindu epic called Mahabharat are carved in the stones. This temple is an outstanding masterpiece of Nepalese stone craftsmen. You need to explore some of the hidden sacred shrines such as Mahaboudha popularly known as the temple of thousand Buddha and The golden temple beyond the Durbar Square area to familiarize with the artistic treasure of Patan. If you want see the temple architecture you need to visit the Bhimsen temple and the Kumbheswor temple too. King Bhaskar Varma built this three-storey temple called Hiranya Varna Mahabihar in the 12th century. This is the good example of the architectural masterpiece in Patan. It has the outlook of a Hindu temple but in reality it is the Buddhist shrine. You will find the image of Lord Buddha in it. This is how Nepalese have blended Hinduism and Buddhism to maintain the religious harmony.
If you want to see how Tibetan refugees weave woolen carpets you need to visit the Tibetan Refugee Camp at Jawalakhel where lightheaded youths giggling and singing hand weave carpets. You will have some ideas of the weaving of the famous Tibetan hand knitted carpets.
The Kathmandu valley is studded with centuries old temples, stu-pas and fascinating palaces is situated between the Himalayan and the Mahabharat ranges. It has three main ancient city-states called Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur among other many small settlements endowed with many cultural and social heritages. Each of these three cities boasts of their grand courtyards, the unmatched beauty of its architecture, grandeur of its historical monuments, magnificent colours of festivities and above all - the welcoming smiles and true hospitality of the people living there.
Kathmandu Durbar Square: (World Heritage Site)
" Kasthamandap", the wooden structure built from a single tree trunk middle of the temples in the 12th century i.e. the Malla period is one of the many architectural buildings at the Durbar Square to visit. In fact, Kathmandu, the largest metropolitan city in Nepal and the nation's capital derived its name from it. While walking further to the north from here you will find the terrifying Black Bhairab locally known as 'Kaal Bhairab'. Adjacent to the God stands the magnificent Taleju Temple, which also dominates the Durbar Square area. The erotic figures carved in the temple struts, extraordinary architecture of the palace building resulted from the great rivalry among the then rulers of the three city-states in the Kathmandu valley and other highly admired monuments are worth exploring on foot. If you are interested in watching how the ancient Nepalese rulers lived you may take a walk in the old palace, and climb up to the nine-storey palace, and enjoy the view of the city center.